CBD FOR SKINCARE
A 2010 study in the Journal of Investigative Dermatology revealed that the endocannabinoid system is critical to the life cycle of basal cells, which make up around 90% of the cells in the epidermis. Healthy skin relies on the body’s ability to grow new cells and discard dead ones. Manipulation of the endocannabinoid system can help regulate the life cycle of cells for more radiant, youthful skin. When applied topically it is absorbed directly through the skin where receptors associated with the endocannabinoid system are located. CBD works directly where needed most and isn’t absorbed into the bloodstream, making it a potential therapy for a range of conditions, from dry skin to skin cancer. CBD is more permeable to the skin than THC and more likely to stimulate the cannabinoid receptors, making CBD the popular choice for cannabis-based topicals. It has also been shown that CBD can up-regulate the production of specific peptides that produce an anti-microbial effect. In short, CBD helps to moderate cell cycle and other various cellular pathways leading to healthy cell activity. The anti-inflammatory effects are produced from some of the above-mentioned pathways.
Reasons To Use CBD In Esthetics
CBD as an antioxidant is even more powerful than Vitamin C, E, A, or omega 3 fatty acids, which are all also present in hemp oil, making CBD hemp oil a good source for antioxidants. Protecting the skin from free radicals, like UV rays, smoke, and environmental pollutants, is critical in having younger looking skin. Free radicals in the atmosphere cause fine lines and wrinkles; antioxidants protect our bodies from the damage of these free radicals, including fighting the effects of aging. A 2012 study from Neurobiology of Aging demonstrated CB-1 receptors showed increased skin aging as seen in a loss of skin elasticity, which is associated with aging skin, further hinting at the importance of endocannabinoids for healthy skin. With CBD being an antioxidant, it causes a change in skin patterns, such as reduction in hyperpigmentation.
Acne involves the overproduction of sebum, an oily substance intended to protect the skin. Glands in our skin, typically near hair follicles, called sebaceous glands produce fatty oils called lipids. These lipids perform a number of functions, such as creating a barrier on our skin to keep out bacteria and viruses and working to lubricate and waterproof the hair and skin. Endocannabinoids, compounds that our bodies produce naturally that are similar to those found in cannabis, play a major role in oil production by regulating the excretion of oil in sebaceous-related skin conditions, including dry skin. Sebaceous glands and hair follicles both contain endocannabinoid receptors, meaning their functions are affected by cannabinoids. Lipid production plays a critical role in both acne (over production) and eczema (under production). Specifically, CBD inhibits the lipid production in skin cells, making it an effective preventative for acne, and balances out the lipid production in cells, making it effective for eczema. The anti-inflammatory properties of CBD can also control the other effects of acne because the skin around the zit is intensely inflamed. Pimples are infections, and it is best to treat them as such. CBD can act as an antibacterial agent, decreasing the likelihood of further acne in the future.
Although CBD shows effectiveness in beauty products, such as with anti-aging and acne relief, the elements hold promise in the treatment of a number of more severe skin conditions as well. One study in the British Journal of Pharmacology found that phytocannabinoids, particularly CBD and cannabigerol (CBG), can control cell proliferation and differentiation, indicating they can be used in novel treatments for skin diseases like allergies or cancer. Potential skin cancers like melanoma have been shown to be effectively controlled by cannabinoids. Through its ability to control cell growth and death, CBD has been considered as a potential adjunct to current skin cancer treatments. Anecdotally, CBD oil works on warts, moles, and even HPV outbreaks because it can cause cell death in these abnormally growing cell groups, but clinical research in this area is lacking. Atopic dermatitis (eczema) has been shown to improve after treatment with hemp oil. Although the exact cause of atopic dermatitis is unknown, it is suspected to be a type of allergic response, with the corresponding rash associated with inflammation of the skin. Psoriasis is thought to be linked to problems with the immune system, specifically white T cells in the blood. Researchers have seen promise in using cannabinoids to treat psoriasis through immune system regulation and anti-inflammatory effects. The immune system is flooded with CB2 receptors that help bring the body back into homeostasis.
Properties of Topical CBD (quick list)